Skip to main content

United Nations

The United Nations was founded at the end of World War II, on 24 October 1945. The previous League of Nations was considered an ineffective instrument for deterring threats to peace and needed to be improvement. Hence, the UN charter was based on principles such as any country equality and non-discrimination, even for the losers. By the end of 1945, 49 countries had joined the UN. The Soviet Union, the People's Republic of China, the United States, Great Britain and France were considered the main ones.

Member states

Total member states in the organization: 193
# Country Date of Admission
1 1945-10-24
2 1945-10-24
3 1945-10-24
4 1945-10-24
5 1945-10-24
6 1945-10-24
7 1945-10-24
8 1945-10-24
9 1945-10-24
10 1945-10-24
11 1945-10-24
12 1945-10-24
13 1945-10-24
14 1945-10-24
15 1945-10-24
16 1945-10-24
17 1945-10-24
18 1945-10-24
19 1945-10-24
20 1945-10-24
21 1945-10-24
22 1945-10-24
23 1945-10-24
24 1945-10-24
25 1945-10-24
26 1945-10-24
27 1945-10-24
28 1945-10-25
29 1945-10-30
30 1945-10-31
31 1945-11-01
32 1945-11-02
33 1945-11-02
34 1945-11-05
35 1945-11-07
36 1945-11-07
37 1945-11-09
38 1945-11-13
39 1945-11-13
40 1945-11-14
41 1945-11-15
42 1945-11-21
43 1945-11-27
44 1945-12-10
45 1945-12-17
46 1945-12-18
47 1945-12-21
48 1945-12-21
49 1945-12-27
50 1946-11-19
51 1946-11-19
52 1946-11-19
53 1946-12-15
54 1947-09-30
55 1947-09-30
56 1948-04-19
57 1949-05-11
58 1950-09-28
59 1955-12-14
60 1955-12-14
61 1955-12-14
62 1955-12-14
63 1955-12-14
64 1955-12-14
65 1955-12-14
66 1955-12-14
67 1955-12-14
68 1955-12-14
69 1955-12-14
70 1955-12-14
71 1955-12-14
72 1955-12-14
73 1955-12-14
74 1955-12-14
75 1956-11-12
76 1956-11-12
77 1956-11-12
78 1956-12-18
79 1957-03-08
80 1957-09-17
81 1958-12-12
82 1960-09-20
83 1960-09-20
84 1960-09-20
85 1960-09-20
86 1960-09-20
87 1960-09-20
88 1960-09-20
89 1960-09-20
90 1960-09-20
91 1960-09-20
92 1960-09-20
93 1960-09-20
94 1960-09-20
95 1960-09-20
96 1960-09-28
97 1960-09-28
98 1960-10-07
99 1961-09-27
100 1961-10-27
101 1961-10-27
102 1961-12-14
103 1962-09-18
104 1962-09-18
105 1962-09-18
106 1962-09-18
107 1962-10-08
108 1962-10-25
109 1963-05-14
110 1963-12-16
111 1964-12-01
112 1964-12-01
113 1964-12-01
114 1965-09-21
115 1965-09-21
116 1965-09-21
117 1966-09-20
118 1966-10-17
119 1966-10-17
120 1966-12-09
121 1968-04-24
122 1968-09-24
123 1968-11-12
124 1970-10-13
125 1971-09-21
126 1971-09-21
127 1971-09-21
128 1971-10-07
129 1971-12-09
130 1973-09-18
131 1973-09-18
132 1974-09-17
133 1974-09-17
134 1974-09-17
135 1975-09-16
136 1975-09-16
137 1975-09-16
138 1975-10-10
139 1975-11-12
140 1975-12-04
141 1976-09-21
142 1976-12-01
143 1976-12-15
144 1977-09-20
145 1977-09-20
146 1978-09-19
147 1978-12-18
148 1979-09-18
149 1980-08-25
150 1980-09-16
151 1981-09-15
152 1981-09-25
153 1981-11-11
154 1983-09-23
155 1984-09-21
156 1990-04-23
157 1990-09-18
158 1991-09-17
159 1991-09-17
160 1991-09-17
161 1991-09-17
162 1991-09-17
163 1991-09-17
164 1991-09-17
165 1992-03-02
166 1992-03-02
167 1992-03-02
168 1992-03-02
169 1992-03-02
170 1992-03-02
171 1992-03-02
172 1992-03-02
173 1992-03-02
174 1992-05-22
175 1992-05-22
176 1992-05-22
177 1992-07-31
178 1993-01-19
179 1993-01-19
180 1993-04-08
181 1993-05-28
182 1993-05-28
183 1993-07-28
184 1994-12-15
185 1999-09-14
186 1999-09-14
187 1999-09-14
188 2000-09-05
189 2000-11-01
190 2002-09-10
191 2002-09-27
192 2006-06-28
193 2011-07-14

The UN objectives

At its establishment time, the organisation had the following main objectives:

  • the¬†prevention of¬†future global conflicts (especially those involving nuclear weapons);
  • the human rights protection around the world;
  • preventing genocide;
  • monitoring civil liberties violations in member countries;
  • reducing the nuclear weapons number.

At the end of the 20th, the UN adopted additional declarations concerning children's rights, environmental protection, etc.

The organisation contemporary purposes list has remained virtually unchanged since the early 2000s. However, at the previous century's end, the UN functions diminished due to the trusteeship territories elimination (the Axis countries former colonies or the German Empire).

The objectives remain the same: preserving peace in a global sense (by diplomatic and economic means), monitoring human rights violations, combating nuclear weapons, and poverty and migration problems.

The structure of the United Nations

The UN is made 6 bodies up, each with its own mandate:

  • The General Assembly;
  • The Security Council;
  • The Economic and Social Council;
  • The Trustees Board (its functions have been reassigned to the environmental area);
  • The UN International Justice Court;
  • The UN Secretariat.

The UN Charter

The Charter main provisions are as follows:

  • Member countries recognise each other as equals;
  • Member countries do not settle their disputes militarily;
  • The UN does not interfere in the State's internal affairs;
  • Participating countries pledge not to use or threaten to use force in international relations.